A corner stone of the ANDA strategy, the Moroccan coast's planning for aquaculture purposes is a pillar and an essential lever for the development of a responsible and sustainable aquaculture.
By adopting a relevant and well-structured approach, ANDA has initiated a genuine planning program that strives to reconcile economic and environmental imperatives while ensuring the balanced growth of the aquaculture sector.
The development of a responsible aquaculture is a strategic choice for our country as it prioritises a start-up on solid scientific and technical bases, instead of focusing solely on accelerating the installation of aquaculture farms without taking the time to set up the prerequisites of sustainable activity.
Majida Maârouf, Director of ANDA.
Committed to implementing the best governance practices, ANDA has taken inspiration from international guidelines to implement a planning process that smoothly integrates the aquaculture industry's activities and those of other coastal businesses.
It even goes one step further by providing total visibility to economic investors with the vision to invest in a crucial industry for economic growth.
Key Stages in Aquaculture Planning
The conception of each ADP (Aquaculture Development Plan) follows four key steps carried out in chronological order:
- Establishing the background assessment of the area subject to planning
This stage involves bringing together and analysing all of the information and basic data characterising the area and produces an accurate map of the current and future use of space. The end goal is to define both excluded maritime and terrestrial areas and those adapted for aquaculture use.
- Study of the Environmental Characteristics of the dedicated appropriate areas
In addition to taking into consideration historical data, the adapted areas are subject to a sampling program to establish their environmental profiling. This process helps define areas that are technically and ecologically favourable to the development of aquaculture and identify the most adapted type of farming for any given area.
- Creation of an Organisation Chart
This is the “architecture” stage of the plan. It involves parcelling out the adapted areas based on technical criteria, namely logistics and socio-economic factors, while also taking into consideration the various production capacities of each section. This results in a site plan that accurately defines the areas reserved for each type of farming, the number and size of the parcels, the spaces separating adjacent parcels (trophic corridors) and the target productions.
- Environmental Impact Study (EIS)
To ensure the sustainability of the aquaculture sector, ANDA has placed special importance on EIS in the Aquaculture Development Plans (ADP). The objective is to anticipate the environmental and social issues associated with the implementation of the plans.
- Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP)
ANDA took the initiative to create an ESMP for all of the PAAs launched, thus adopting a more global and integrated approach. This ensures the work of the Agency is not limited solely to evaluating the PAA's impact on the environment but extends to considering the impact of other business activities on the PAA.